Petersburg, offering drag shows and Russian music, with some bars also offering discreet gay-only taxi services.Under the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco from 1939–1975, homosexuality was illegal.Other streets where there are still concentrations of gay bars are Zeedijk, Amstel and Warmoesstraat, the latter being the center of the Amsterdam leather scene, where the first leather bar already opened around 1955.
Although Amsterdam, Berlin, and London had more meeting places and organizations than Paris, the latter was known for the "flamboyance" of LGBT quarters and "visibility" of LGBT celebrities.
The club provided a solid model for future nightclubs.
After homosexuality was decriminalized in the UK in 1967, gay bar culture became more visible and gradually Soho became the centre of the London LGBT community, which was "firmly established" by the early 1990s.
Gathering places favoured by homosexuals have operated for centuries.
Reports from as early as the 17th century record the existence of bars and clubs that catered to, or at least tolerated, openly gay clientele in several major European cities.