354, unless indeed pre-existing popular celebration must be assumed to render possible this official recognition. The degeneration of these plays in part occasioned the diffusion of noels, pastorali, and carols, to which was accorded, at times, a quasi-liturgical position.
In present usage, "anointing" is typically used for ceremonial blessings such as the coronation of European monarchs. The civil calendar alone was not added to, as it was useless after the abandonment of pagan festivals. at Narbonne) red, white, violet were used (Durand, Rat. The historical origin of this triple Mass is probably as follows (cf. (For Virgil and Nativity play and prophecy see authorities in Comparetti, "Virgil in Middle Ages", p. to over-act, dates from Herod's violence in these plays. Francis of Assisi in 1223 originated the crib of today by laicizing a hitherto ecclesiastical custom, henceforward extra-liturgical and popular. during the consulship of (Augustus) Cæsar and Paulus Our Lord Jesus Christ was born on the eighth before the calends of January (25 December), a Friday, the fourteenth day of the moon. The epact, here XIII, is normally XI; the year is A. Were the day of Christ's birth in the flesh alone there found, it might stand as heading the year of martyrs' spiritual , popular feasts were later inserted for convenience' sake. Liturgical colours varied: black, white, red, or (e.g. The Gloria was at first sung only in the first Mass of this day. The ); the latter Church celebrated a second "prophetical" mystery after Tierce, in which Virgil and the Sibyl join with Old Testament prophets in honouring Christ.(December, 1900); ERBES, Das Syrische Martyrologium, etc., in Zeitschr. Scented oils are used as perfumes and sharing them is an act of hospitality. Cels., VIII, 67, etc) had to assert that Sol was not the Christians' God; Augustine (Tract xxxiv, in Joan. L., XXXV, 1652) denounces the heretical identification of Christ with Sol. The origin of Christmas should not be sought in the Saturnalia (1-23 December) nor even in the midnight holy birth at Eleusis (see J. Jud., 8)], the popular instinct, demanding an exact number of years in a Divine life, would place His conception on the same date, His birth 25 December.